Statistical information on Technical Innovation in Brazil
Project proposal for a system of statistical information on technical innovation in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, IBGE.
Collection simonschwartzman; additional_collections
Most Research and Development activities in Brazil so far have been public. The usual estimate is that about 80% of the resources for R&D in Brazil are provided and spent by the public sector, but information about the other 20% is scant, and used to be attributed in large part to state-owned corporations (Petrobrás, Telebrás, Eletrobrás, etc.), most of which are now being privatized. This situation is clearly inadequate, and the government's intention is to increase the weight of the productive and private sector's participation in the R&D effort. PADCT III is supposed to help this effort at redirection, by strengthening Brazil's R&D capabilities and linking it more directly to the productive sector. Also inadequate is the traditional emphasis placed in Brazil on the higher end of the broad spectrum of science and technology activities, characterized by complex technologies and basic research, to the detriment of activities such as piece-meal innovation and adaptation. Countries where science and technology are actively used for the common good cover the whole spectrum, or give more weight to innovation, which takes place within the productive sector, than to basic research and complex technological development, typical of academic institutions, specialized institutes and high technology industries.